Tajikistan's principal railways are in the southern region and connect Dushanbe with the industrial areas of the Gissar and Vakhsh valleys and with Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Russia.many highway and tunnel construction projects are underway or have recently been completed.Tajikistan landscape is dominated by the Pamir and Alay mountains, largest body of water is Karakul lake, located in the Tajik National Park in the Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan's . The country has a population of 8.35 million people (in 2015).With an area of 143,100 km², compared Tajikistan is less than half the size of Italy, or slightly smaller than the U. Tajikistan remains the poorest country in Central Asia, about 35% of the population falling below the poverty line.Agriculture products: Cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats.Industries: Aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, textiles, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators.He fled to Afghanistan after the Red Army conquered the area the next year.
Religion: Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10%.A virtual guide to Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, a mountainous, landlocked country in central Asia, bordered by Afghanistan in south, Uzbekistan in west, Kyrgyzstan in north, and by China in east.Separated from the Kashmir region by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor.Languages: Tajik (sole official language as of 1994); Russian widely used in government and business; three-quarter of the country however, is rural and they speak mostly Tajik.
Literacy: 88% Natural resources: Hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, gold, silver, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten.
The climate is damper than other Central Asian capitals, with an average annual rainfall over 500 millimetres (20 in) as moist air is funnelled by the surrounding valley during the winter and spring.